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The DIY Guide to Pre-wiring Your Smart Home.

The DIY Guide to Pre-wiring Your Smart Home.

A smart plan to pre-wire your Newhome.

Editors Note: If you're entirely new to home theaters and AV or are trying to gain a basic knowledge of technology in new construction as a homeowner, I would suggest you start your journey with our New Home Technology Guide. It's more of a bird's eye view of what's possible and serves as a great primer on the topic.

Now that you’ve been warned brace yourself for a deep dive into the how. If you’re planning to DIY the wiring of your project, or you want to be very well versed when communicating with your installer you’ve come to the right place. Let’s get started unpacking the process of designing and wiring your smart home from end to end!


The importance of Design:

During the planning stages, anything is possible. As long as you take it into account during this phase, you can integrate a vast number of systems. Of course, it can vary from project to project, but we usually start with the following outline:

Potential sub-systems

  • Lighting
  • Audio
  • Video
  • HVAC (Heating & Cooling)
  • Security & Sensors
  • Cameras & Surveillance
  • Water & Aquatics
  • Home Control & Interfaces

Take an inventory of what will and will not apply to your home. For example, if you don’t have a pool or sprinkler system, “Water & Aquatics” can be struck from the list. Next, let’s hash things out a little further. Split each category into detailed subcategories. Here’s an example of the expanded list.

Detailed SubSystem List:

  • Lighting
    • Line voltage lighting
    • Low Voltage lighting
      • RGBW Lighting Strips
      • Step Lights
      • Accent Lights
    • Outdoor & Landscape Lighting
      • Floodlights
      • Path lights
      • Step Lights
      • Bollards
      • Security Lights
      • Spot Lights
    • Motorized Window Treatments
      • Motorized Shades
      • Motorized Draperies
  • Audio
    • Whole-Home Audio (Distributed Audio)
    • Home Theater
      • Architectural Speakers
      • In-Wall Speakers
      • In-Ceiling Speakers
      • Free Standing / Furniture Speakers
        • Soundbars
      • Subwoofers
    • Outdoor Audio
      • In-Ceiling Speakers
      • On Wall Speakers
      • Landscape Speakers
        • Point Source
        • Bollard
        • Subwoofers
    • External Audio Sources
      • BluRay / DVD
      • Turntables / Vinyl
  • Heating & Cooling (HVAC)
    • Air Conditioner / Heater
    • ERV or HRV
    • Dehumidifier or Humidifier
    • Ceiling Fans
  • Security System & Sensors
    • Security wiring panel
    • Sensors
    • Motion Sensors
    • Occupancy Sensors
    • Glass-Break Sensors
    • Leak Detection Sensors
    • Door & Window Sensors
    • Smoke & Carbon Monoxide Detectors
  • Water & Aquatics
    • Pool Control
    • Spa Control
    • Irrigation System
      • Sprinkler System
      • Drip Irrigation
    • Water Features
  • Home Control System
    • System Controller
    • Interfaces
      • Scene Remotes
      • Touch Panels
      • Buttons & Keypads
      • Remote Controls
    • Access Controls
      • Smart Door Locks
      • Garage Door Control
  • Network & Wifi
    • Point of Demarkation (Entry to the Home)
    • Wifi Access Points
    • Other Data Cabling

You’ll need to create a symbol or marking to delineate each type of device.


Placing your AV Rack and Low-Voltage Panel

You need to consider two critical pieces of equipment when beginning to lay out your wiring plan. The first location is for your equipment rack; the second is for the low-voltage panel or “Smart Panel.”

The rack will hold all of the home’s central nervous system, including patch bays, network switches, audio amplifiers, video distribution equipment, network routers, and your automation system controller. If you decide to centralize your entire home altogether, you might also have cable boxes, satellite receivers, and even more.

The low voltage panel is installed directly into the wall. We find it most useful for housing the coaxial system and all camera-related wiring. Separating the surveillance elements from the rest of the rack enables you to lock the panel up securely. Hence, things keep functioning even if someone attempts tampering with the equipment rack.

Obstacles

When deciding where to place your rack, first and foremost find a location with enough room to accommodate the equipment and plenty of room to work. As much as it might seem like a waste of space, your equipment needs to be located in a conditioned area. Heat is the number one enemy of electronics, so choose a location that’s well ventilated.

You’re also going to have to avoid any major structural members since drilling through them could compromise the integrity of your building. Start your search on an interior wall or under a staircase.

Home Technology Guide

Home Technology Guide

HOW TO MAKE A SMART PLAN FOR TECHNOLOGY IN YOUR NEW HOME.

You’re finally building your dream home. You’ve hired an architect, and you’re shopping around for the perfect builder. You may not know it yet, but this is the ideal time to involve a home technology integrator.

What exactly is an integrator? An integrator is the designer and installer of your home’s technology backbone. Their primary mission is creating audio and video experiences like music throughout the house, TV installations, and home theater. An integrator brings together all of the separate systems in your home like lighting, HVAC, and security and makes them more manageable by providing one cohesive control system.

While smaller spaces can be easily managed with off-the-shelf solutions like Apple HomeKit or SmartThings, it’s usually a huge benefit to call in an expert as the home’s size grows.

It’s important to talk through your options early on because, while you can retrofit some things after the house has been completed, it’s dramatically less expensive to pre-wire your home during construction.

IF THERE’S EVEN THE SLIGHTEST CHANCE YOU MIGHT WANT SOMETHING IN THE FUTURE, RUN THE WIRE DURING CONSTRUCTION!

It pays to plan ahead. The cost to pre-wire a speaker during construction is much more affordable.
Home Technology Guide 20

LASTLY, WHILE IT MAY BE TEMPTING, DON’T RELY ENTIRELY ON WIRELESS.

Wi-Fi has come a long way, but if you have the opportunity to pre-wire for any device like a computer or TV, you should do so. This forward-thinking frees up your wireless network to provide the best service for devices that move around throughout the home (phones, tablets, etc.) and gives you a little bit of a backup plan if you need to add something later on that can’t be hardwired.


WHOLE HOME AUDIO

One of the biggest trends in building today is the use of a whole-home audio system. If you’ve ever wanted to have music playing throughout your home (without deafening anyone who dares to walk in the living room), then this is the solution for you.

Some of the more popular brands you’ll probably run into are Sonos & BlueSound, but you may occasionally see others. Speakers are installed in ceilings and walls, but soundbars and freestanding speakers can also be integrated. You can stream music from the provider of your choice or even listen to vinyl from your turntable.

Once these speakers are in place, it doesn’t just stop at music. With a bit of further design, you can use these speakers to carry sound from your TV, broadcast the doorbell, or even function as an intercom.


THINK IT THROUGH:

Not every space needs the same quality of sound. Work with your designer and figure out the places where quality counts. Come up with a Good, Better, Best strategy. 

This method lets you focus your investment on areas where you’ll be congregating, like a kitchen or living room, but allows you to use more economical options in transient spaces like hallways or bathrooms

Come up with a good better best strategy for your speaker installation
Home Technology Guide 21

TYPES OF SPEAKERS:

Let’s take a moment to make sure you have a clear understanding of the different types of speakers that are available. For purposes of discussing your new home, we can break those down into three main categories.

IN-CEILING & IN-WALL

Focal Speaker 300 Series Speaker
Focal 300 Series – In-Ceiling Speaker

In-Ceiling or In-Wall speakers are exactly as their names describe, but you’ll sometimes see them called “Architectural Speakers.” They’re speakers that are tucked away into your wall or ceiling and can provide rich sound without eating up floor space or providing an easy target for a Sharpie-wielding toddler or teething chihuahua. When people think of speakers in a smart home today, these are what come to mind.

In-Ceiling is a perfect solution when you’re looking for “heard and not seen.”

One caveat to be aware of: depending on the particular speakers you’ve selected, they can sometimes be lacking in bass response, but the addition of a subwoofer can quickly remedy this.


TIPS & TRICKS:
Focal Back Box
Focal Back Box

Specify in-ceiling speakers with a “rough-in” bracket that acts as a template for your drywall crew. This bracket allows you to line up speakers with other elements on the ceiling, like recessed lights or other points of interest. These brackets are cut out as your drywall is installed, leaving a perfect hole and no mess in your home later on.

Are you concerned about sound from speakers in one room bleeding into the room behind it or the floor above? Install a back box. A back box is an enclosure that installs behind your speaker and blocks the sound from traveling into adjacent rooms; it also provides a slight boost in audio quality.


SOUNDBARS:

Bluesound Pulse Soundbar in Modern Home
Pulse Soundbar by Blue Sound

Everyone knows the built-in sound from your TV leaves much to be desired. You can only expect so much from a pair of tiny speakers shooting backward into your wall. That’s where Soundbars come in. They provide a simple upgrade from your TV’s internal speakers without much of the fuss of larger speakers.

Due to their compact size, they can’t match the performance of in-wall or freestanding speakers, but they’re a great starting point and perfect for spaces like bedrooms or an office.


FREE STANDING / FURNITURE PIECES:

Focal Kanta 3
Focal Kanta 3

While they’re no longer as common as their in-wall brethren, sometimes freestanding speakers are a perfect choice. Since the enclosure the speakers live in can be engineered for performance, freestanding speakers are the pinnacle of audio quality. They don’t have to be ugly either; speakers from brands like Focal or KEF are available in a wide range of finishes and can genuinely give your interior designer something unique to work with.

I like to think of some of these high design pieces like furniture and not just a source of sound. There’s no better way to say “listening room” than a bold pair of speakers commanding your attention. The downside to freestanding speakers is they do eat up floor space, but sometimes quality is worth the compromise.


SUBWOOFERS: ‘CAUSE YOU’RE ALL ABOUT THAT BASS:

Focal Subwoofer 1000F
Focal Sub 1000F

One final speaker serves as a faithful companion to all three types we’ve listed above. Subwoofers reproduce low frequencies and bass in a way that most normal speakers aren’t able to. Subs are the secret sauce that makes you FEEL the music. It takes a substantial speaker to create that energy, so most subwoofers clock in between ten and sixteen inches in diameter.

 A subwoofer is an absolute must for a home theater, but you should also consider using them in entertaining spaces or living rooms.


HOME THEATER

So what exactly is a home theater? A home theater can be any space that offers a few key ingredients. The size and appearance can vary, but they always employ some kind of multi-speaker surround sound system and a high-quality display. The main idea is to bring some of the magic and allure of a commercial movie theater right into the comfort of your own home.

Kef Extreme THX Series In-Wall Speakers
Alpine Theater with KEF Extreme Series Speakers

Home Theater with Projector
Home Theater with Projector

WHAT TYPE OF DISPLAY IS BEST FOR YOU? 

There are two primary display technologies available today; Flat-panel TVs (LCD & OLED) and Projection systems.

The first thing to decide is what size screen is appropriate for your space. When a screen is too small, you won’t be drawn into the action or might find yourself squinting. Conversely, if a screen is too large, it will overwhelm the space and cause you to tilt your neck to take in the entire scene.


A RULE OF THUMB:

WE RECOMMEND THE FOLLOWING SCREEN SIZES BASED ON THE ROOM TYPE:

Bedrooms: 55″

Home Offices, Living Rooms, Great Rooms : 55″-77″

Media Rooms & Custom Theaters: 82″ – INFINITY! (Seriously!)

Additional Resources: 

If you want to make sure you get things right, use a screen-size calculator from THX or SMPTE. Input the distance between your seating position and the screen. The calculator will suggest the perfect screen size for your room. 

Screen Size Calculator 


VIEWING ANGLE

When you sit straight in front of a screen, this is called on-axis viewing. Most displays perform their best when viewed on-axis, but as you move to the left or right of center (off-axis), some types of TVs are prone to washing out and losing contrast. If a wide viewing angle is required, consider a TV based on OLED technology. It might cost a little bit more, but in the end, you (and all your guests) will be much happier with the experience.

A wide viewing angle can be one of the primary differences between a cheap TV from a big box store and the available higher-end models. Sure, it’s great to save a couple of bucks if you can, but that doesn’t matter if it isn’t usable in your space.   



WILL IT PLAY NICE WITH OTHERS? 

An essential but often overlooked piece of the puzzle when selecting a display has nothing to do with picture quality, screen size, or aesthetics. To integrate with most home control systems, a TV has to support network control.

If you select any mid-range or higher models from Sony or Samsung, you should be safe, but picking a TCL or Vizio could leave you banging your head against the wall.


FLAT PANEL OR PROJECTOR? 

Once you’ve settled on the appropriate screen size, let’s look at which technology might be the best fit. Believe it or not, it’s a pretty easy decision!

If you need a screen larger than 85 inches, you’re going to need a projector. For any application smaller than 85 inches, keep things simple and stick to a flat panel.

Flat Panel vs Projector for Home Theater

PROJECTORS : THE REALLY BIG SCREEN

Screen Innovations Zero Edge Pro Projector Screen
Screen Innovations Zero Edge Pro Projector Screen

Projection setups have one huge advantage compared to flat-panel TVs, and that is the ability to accommodate enormous screen sizes. Nothing else can even come close to their ability to put you right in the middle of the action. When you’re looking for the wow factor, a projector delivers!

But, there are a few factors that come with the territory…

The most significant enemy to any projection setup is ambient light. When stray light from the outdoors hits your screen, it causes it to lose contrast and punch but fortunately, there are a few creative solutions that can help mitigate the problem.

The first line of defense is to address the source of the light itself. You can pair a home control system with motorized shades and automated lighting control. With a single press of a button, you can turn on the projector, dim the lights in your room, lower the shades and start your movie.

Motorized Shades & Projection Screen
Screen Innovations – Nano Motorized Shades

Companies like Screen Innovations have worked miracles to solve these kinds of problems with new screen materials like “Slate” or “Black Diamond .” These screens brilliantly display the image coming from your projector while rejecting most of the ambient light in the room.

But wait, that’s not all! 

Have you ever wondered where all the bulky speakers are hiding in a movie theater? If you’ve taken in a showing at the IMAX, you’ve probably seen the demo where they illuminate the screen from behind to reveal the colossal stacks of speakers hiding behind the screen.

iMax Speakers behind a theater screen
Home Technology Guide 22

When you use what’s called an “Acoustically Transparent” or AT screen, you can benefit from the same thing at home. An AT screen has thousands of tiny perforations that allow sound to pass through unencumbered while visually hiding anything concealed behind it.

Acoustically Transparent Projector Screen (AT)
Acoustically Transparent Screen

This is a perfect option for people who want big-league sound without seeing where it is coming from.


DON’T BE AFRAID TO DREAM BIG

Almost anything is possible with projection.

You can hide motorized screens in ceilings or drop one down in front of a smaller TV for casual use!

Foating Projector Screen
Screen Innovations – Zero G Motorized Projector Screen

A CLOSER LOOK:
SURROUND SOUND FOR HOME THEATER

If you want to get more information on the basics of Surround Sound check out our blog post “Surround Sound Basics” here!


MOTORIZED SHADES & CURTAINS

Screen Innovations Nano Motorized Shades

If you ever wished that one day you could press a button and completely transform the feeling of a room, the future is here, and such technology is no longer just reserved for the likes of Tony Stark, James Bond, or Richard Branson.

Motorized shades serve multiple purposes like controlling the amount of light inside the room, helping control solar heat gain, and offering privacy on demand.


MATERIAL TYPES

There are three primary categories of shade materials. “solar screen” fabrics allow a specific amount of light to pass through while offering a screened look. You’ll usually see them written as with a percentage value, representing the amount of light that is allowed to pass through the material.

Solar Screen Shade Material
Solar Screen

“Blackout” fabrics, while entirely opaque, offer the most significant amount of privacy and temperature control.

Pfifer Shearweave blackout fabric in black
Pfifer Shearweave Blackout Fabric
Motorized Shade Material Comparison
Home Technology Guide 23

TIPS & TRICKS FOR MOTORIZED SHADES:

When selecting a light filtering fabric, choose darker colors for enhanced viewability and lighter colors to help maximize heat reduction.


AS ALWAYS, IT PAYS TO PREWIRE. 

In a remodel situation, installations are usually limited to using lithium batteries that require an annual recharge. When planning for new construction, be sure to specify a prewire to make your shades virtually maintenance-free.


Remember, Nothing you see is a coincidence.

There is a lot more than just good technology going into the images of theaters you see on Pinterest or in Magazines. It takes a lot of work from talented interior designers coordinating with your general contractor and your technology professional to achieve those kinds of results.

If you have something in mind, bring it up early so everyone who needs to be involved can do their part to make your dream come to fruition!


Home Control & Home AUtomation

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